The types of dentures available are basically categorized into 2 main groups: partial dentures and full dentures.
Partial dentures may replace a missing tooth or several missing teeth.
Full dentures, also commonly referred as standard dentures (or colloquially known as false teeth), will replace a complete set of natural teeth, either full set on the lower and/or upper jaws.
However, nowadays there are a variety of other denture options that are available which may be appropriate. Below we discuss some of the different false teeth options available for you to consider and discuss with your dentist…
Two Basic Types of Dentures:
Full Dentures or complete dentures or standard dentures, are designed with a full mouthpiece made from acrylic. They adhere to the palate (upper jaw full denture) and to the gums (lower jaw full denture) of the mouth. Precision fitting is important to achieve a secure fit, usually the entire fitting will take up to four sessions with the dentist. The fitting sessions include the designing and manufacturing of the full dentures.
As the name suggests, full dentures are designed for those who have lost all their natural teeth by way of tooth decay, periodontal or gum disease, and trauma.
Partial dentures are intended to replace a single missing tooth or several missing teeth. They are made in the same way as full dentures, the differences are: partial dentures cover less area in the mouth and they use special clips as attachments to existing healthy teeth. While full dentures depend on suction to hold onto place, partial dentures rely on attachments to another tooth.
To read more detailed comparison between Partial Dentures vs Full Dentures, click here.
Other Denture Types
The advent of new technology has brought much advancement in the design and manufacture of oral appliances. Thus, the two basic denture types have branched out into several types of false teeth options according to make, appearance, durability, and cost:
Immediate Dentures may either be full or partial dentures. They are also called temporary dentures. Immediate dentures are placed into the unhealed gum sockets right after tooth extraction. Patients will not leave a dental office with gaps between teeth or with all their teeth gone. Stabilization of tissues and bone of the jaw will take several months after the extraction of tooth, thus, immediate dentures will need additional adjustments. They are good choice for individuals waiting for their implants and for those waiting for the final fit of their full dentures.
Cosmetic Dentures may either be full or partial dentures. Aesthetically, they are worlds apart from the false teeth used by our grandparents. The advancements in denture technology have given birth to great natural looking dentures that are at the same time durable and functional. Cosmetic dentures also give an instant facial lift without surgery by increasing the space or distance between the lower and upper jaws that stretches the facial muscles. Patients are given the options to select the color of the base gum, the color and size of teeth as well as the style and shape that will perfectly match a beautiful smile on their faces.
Implant dentures may either be full or partial dentures. The basic procedure for implant dentures require implanting of titanium posts through surgery directly to the jaw bone. When the gums are completely healed, the prosthetic tooth/teeth will be cemented permanently onto implanted posts. The result will be as natural as the original teeth and it is quite hard to distinguish one from the other. Implant dentures are the most expensive among the types of dentures.
Flexible Dentures may either be partial or full dentures. The comfort level provided by flexible dentures is among the highest from the various denture types available in the market today. The flexibility, made possible by the flexible coating of resin on the denture base’s outer layer, allows the flexible dentures to remain in place around the jaw bone for maximum stability. Other remarkable features include, very thin and lightweight, cosmetically pleasing, non-porous resin material, and basically unbreakable denture bases.
These are a type of full denture that fits over some of your original remaining teeth. Fitting overdentures over your original teeth helps to preserve bone, transfer some of the pressure of chewing from the gums onto your remaining teeth, and also help to keep the false teeth securely in place.
As you can see, the limited false teeth options that existed in the past have now been replaced with a variety of dentures to suit your specific needs and budget. So book in to see your dentist to get their specific advice on your personal circumstances to see what will be the best option for you.
To read more about the differences between dentures available, click here.